Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR) is a lifesaver technique in emergency cases where heartbeats are irresponsive or in worst scenarios heart is not functioning. This treatment is critical to restore the heart rhythm that keeps the supply of oxygen rich blood to vital body organs. It is however recommended that it is performed by trained or knowledgeable personnel to avoid complications. CPR procedure for both adults or children requires immediate medical assistance.
If there is no one who knows how to perform CPR correctly, it is best to wait for an accredited person to arrive. Here are five tips for the perfect CPR technique in Child:
1. Check the Initial Condition
The first and foremost step to start with any further rescue operation is to review the child’s condition. Check whether the child is conscious and is breathing normally or not. If the child is unresponsive, start with speaking his name if you know. Tap his shoulder and shout again to see if he starts responding. This is a critical step and several online first aid course canada aim at training individuals for these sort of emergency life threatening situations. In case, the person is incapable of handling such a situation, it is advised to call the emergency medical team.
2. Position the Child Correctly
Before you perform CPR, you must position the child correctly to maintain complete control over the whole situation. In an obvious situation, place the child on a flat surface on their back. Kneel beside a child, keeping your shoulders over your hand and lock your hands. Keep your hands all straight.
3. Perform CPR
There are multiple CPR techniques but you must figure which one is the best suitable based on the medical condition of the children. Normally there should be 30 compressions to be given. Each compression should be given at the rate of 100-120 compression/minute. There should be a proper gap between each compression allowing the chest to return to its normal position. cpr adult child infant varies from one-hand to two hand techniques based on the age and responsiveness.
Make sure that there is proper breathing given to the child. Each breathing should cause the chest to rise. The therapy should be combined with head-tilt and chin-lift technique to allow the airway to open. A recommended 2 breath procedure is necessary to ensure there is no blockage in the airway.
4. Know When to Stop
The objective of CPR therapy is to bring the child back to normal state. And the person performing the technique must know when to stop. Here are some cases when you must stop immediately:
- The child become conscious
- The procedure is not working
- A trained medical personnel has arrived
- There is an automated external defibrillator(AED) for use
5. Use AED
An AED can be a standalone method to revive the sign of life. As a last resort, AED can stimulate the well being by making sure all around care for the child. Use an ready to use AED to perform the shock therapy. The obvious steps involve wiping the chest dry, applying the pads, plugging-in connector, analyzing the person, and then applying the shock if necessary.
CPR can be useful especially when no emergency medical assistance arrives. With limited skills, or even little help – you can save a child in a life threatening situation.