HealthWhat Is Medicare Program?

What Is Medicare Program?

Medicare refers to a health coverage program that supports healthcare services. This program aims to cover individuals aged 65 and above, people with certain conditions, and younger individuals who meet particular eligibility criteria. The Medicare program has helped many people to receive affordable and quality health care. This program consists of various plans that insure various conditions. Even though the program gives the customer a range of choices regarding coverage and costs, it may also bring complexity during registration. In addition, health insurance enrollment has increased. The virus and people’s growing concern for their health may be contributing factors to the increase in health insurance. There are several increasing health insurance offerings on the market. Individuals are worried about which one is worthwhile and ought to be chosen.  In addition to additional benefits like prescription drug coverage, dental and vision coverage, and other things, Indiana Medicare advantage plans will provide you with both Original Medicare Parts A and B coverage. A fixed monthly premium will also be required of you, covering both your Part A and B premiums

Who Is Qualified for Medicare

Certain criteria determine eligibility. For instance, a person who has been a US resident for a minimum of five years and is aged 65 and above is eligible . When it comes to Medicare parts A and B, anyone with Social Security benefits can enroll. Medicare part D is optional, and you do the enrollment individually. Individuals with Social Security Disability Insurance are also eligible even if they are under 65. After receiving the SSDI, the individuals wait for two years before they are fully eligible for the program. However, for people with ALS and permanent kidney failure, the program may waive the requirement.

Medicare Coverage Plans

Medicare program has four different types of plans. Parts A and B is the basic plan also referred to as Original Medicare. You may also choose to register for Medicare Part C or D plan. Let’s explore the four plans.

1. Medicare Part A

Part A insures the hospital bills or similar inpatient settings together with home-based and hospice healthcare. The Part A plan does not cover custodial or long-term care. For anyone who gets the Social Security advantages, the coverage is automatic. If you do not receive these benefits, you can enroll on the Social Security site. The following are the coinsurance and deductibles for the 2021 Part A plan.

• The deductible amount for inpatient hospital is $1484

• Day 61 to 90 daily coinsurance is $371

• Lifespan reserve days daily coinsurance is $742

• 21 to 100 days coinsurance for the expert nursing facility is $185.50

2. Medicare Part B

Part B plan provides coverage for outpatient care, for example, doctor visits. It also covers ambulance services, preventive services, mental health cover, and various medical equipment. There are also prescription medicines that Part B covers. This plan has a monthly premium of $148.50 and a deductible of $203. For individuals with an annual income greater than $88000, the premiums are a bit higher.

3. Medicare Part C

Part C is also referred to Medicare Advantage and must provide services that are at minimum equal to Original Medicare. Most individuals get this plan from private insurers instead of the government itself. The majority of these plans provide an annual limit on the money you give from your pocket. With this plan, you get to enjoy benefits that you would have accessed through purchase from supplemental insurance like Medigap Plan. Part C may also include coinsurance, copays, deductibles, and other insurance-related costs while traveling. The plan may also include vision, dental and hearing care.

4. Medicare Part D

This plan offers coverage for supplemental prescription medicines. Those who have enrolled in Part A and B might register in Part D, which enables them to get subsidizations for the cost of prescription drugs.

How to Enroll in Medicare

Individuals with Social Security benefits automatically enroll in Medicare Part A and B. When it comes to Part D, you enroll yourself. Those without Social Security benefits should register on the website during the 7-month window around the 65th birthday to evade permanent fines. That means three months before your 65th birthday month and three months after the birthday month. In case you want to register for Medigap (Medicare Supplemental Insurance), there is a six-month Medigap registration period, which begins during your 65th birthday month and after enrollment in Medicare Part B. The insurers should give you a chance for Medigap plans if you sign up during the set period.

Is Medicare Free?

In case you or your partner have been paying taxes for a minimum of 10 years, you are not required to pay Part A premiums. This is because Medicare taxes are also deducted from people’s paychecks. The Social Security statement will clear up whether you are eligible or not. Eligible individuals pay a Part A monthly premium of around $437 every month. The other Medicare plans which insure things like prescription drugs and doctor visits need monthly premiums.

Things That Medicare Does Not Cover

Long-term medical care or custodial care is one of the things that Medicare does not cover. However, a government health program called Medicaid covers the long-term medical costs for the poor. Here is also a list of other expenses the Medicare program does not cover.

• Eyeglasses and eye examinations

• Hearing aids and examinations for fitting them

• Dental care

• Dentures

• Health care overseas

• Acupuncture

• Cosmetic surgery

• Massage therapy

Basics of Medigap

Medigap is not part of the government Medicare program. The Medigap policies get sold via private insurers such as Cigna and were created to cover up various expenses that Original Medicare does not cover.

• It helps in paying for Part A and B yearly deductibles.

• It helps in catering for coinsurance, copays, and other extra costs.

• It operates with Original Medicare and Part A, B, and D. 


Finally, Medicare is mainly meant for individuals aged 65 and above. It comprises various types of plans. These coverages are Part A, Part B, Medicare Advantage, Part D, and Medigap. These coverages help to meet your medical care needs. There also exist services that Medicare does not provide despite offering doctor visits, hospitalization, and prescription drugs.

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