Dizziness is the feeling of lightheadedness or unbalanced. It affects the sensory organs especially the eyes and ears so it can cause fainting. It occurs when your brain is not getting enough blood or your blood may contain fewer amounts of oxygen.

Lightheadedness is caused by hypotension, fasting, infection like cold, hypoglycemia, Dehydration, and anxiety. This can make you fall due to imbalance and it can be dangerous. This is a common condition but if you are experiencing frequent episodes of dizziness, it can cause serious issues.

The sensation of everything is spinning around a person’s surroundings is called vertigo. It is caused by head movement or position.

Causes of Dizziness

It can be caused by several conditions and mainly due to imbalance.

The brain gets input about movement and positioning of the body from ears, eyes, skin, muscles, and joints. The most common causes of dizziness are benign paroxysmal positional vertigo, Meniere’s syndrome, and ear infections.

Common Causes are:

  • Alcohol
  • Allergic reaction
  • Anxiety
  • Stress
  • Hypoglycemia
  • Dehydration
  • Side effects of medicines
  • Carbon monoxide poisoning

It may result from neurological disorders like migraine, parkinsonism, sclerosis, ear infection. It can also be a symptom of life-threatening diseases like heart attack, shock, stroke, brain hemorrhage, ischemic heart disease.

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Symptoms of Dizziness

People experiencing dizziness may feel weak, nauseated, tired, imbalanced, or confused. They may also feel the room is spinning around them.

Other symptoms that may be associated with dizziness include

  • Chest pain
  • Nausea
  • Feeling faint
  • Loss of balance
  • Feeling woozy or
  • heavy-headedness

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Diagnosis

If you are experiencing frequent episodes of dizziness you need to visit your doctor. Your doctor will diagnose the cause of dizziness by checking the symptoms and conduct a physical examination to check your body posture and balance. In some cases, MRI or CT scan may be recommended by your doctor.

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Treatments of Dizziness

As dizziness is a symptom of any underlying disease it can be treated by balancing exercises or medications. Depending upon the causes of dizziness your doctor may

  • Refer you to an audiologist for vestibular assessment and help to determine the cause of dizziness
  • Ear infection can be treated using anti-nausea medicines and home exercises
  • Migraine can be treated with lifestyle changes and medications
  • Chronic conditions can be best treated with vestibular rehabilitation therapy to improve balance through exercises.

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Complications

This disease can make you fall and cause serious injuries. As dizziness is a symptom of other chronic diseases it can lead to serious complications if not treated at early stages. So you need to follow the treatment plan recommended by your doctor to reduce the risk of complications like brain damage, paralysis, heart attack, loss of vision or hearing, cancer, etc.

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Precaution

If you are having frequent episodes of dizziness, you should avoid several activities including

  • Sit down or lie down immediately when you feel unbalanced to avoid falling down
  • Avoid driving and handling big machinery without consulting your doctor
  • Drink plenty of water to keep yourself hydrated
  • Maintain a healthy diet
  • Sit in a cool place if you feel suffocated and hot in crowded places
  • Take help of canes or handrails while walking upstairs
  • Avoid tobacco, caffeine, and alcohol

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