HealthDrug Addiction - Causes, Types, Symptoms & Treatment

Drug Addiction – Causes, Types, Symptoms & Treatment

Drug addiction, also known as substance use disorder, has become a global problem. 

Many people have a misunderstanding of what drug addiction is and how it develops.

They believe that those who become addicted to drugs are either unwilling or incapable of quitting.

But, in truth, it’s a much more complicated issue. Drugs alter a person’s brain chemistry in such a way that quitting, even if you want to, becomes extremely tough. Addicts can’t stop using drugs or alcohol on their own. These substances become so compulsive for the user that they are unable to envision living without them. When a person reaches this stage, it is crucial to go to the drug rehab in Nottingham which will help them win the battle against addiction.

There is a popular Los Angeles drug rehab center that can help you understand how drug addiction works elaborately. You can check their official website to know more about them. 

Now, let’s focus on a brief overview of drug addiction.

What Are The Causes Of Drug Addiction?

1: Genetics: It’s possible that your genes predispose you to addiction. Your body and brain react to a substance in the same way that your forefathers did. Your chances of becoming addicted to drugs increase dramatically if your parents or their parents have a history of Drug Rehab.

2: Environment: Your surroundings are also important in the development of drug addiction. Because the environment has an impact on behavior, a youngster who grows up in a home with a drug addict is more likely to struggle with drugs himself.

3: Psychological Distress: Although genetics and the environment play important roles in drug addiction, psychological factors also play a role. Everything from sexual or physical abuse to parental and peer carelessness to domestic violence can cause psychological stress. And to relieve their stress, individuals turn to narcotics. This drug abuse might turn into an addiction over time.

Types Of Drug Addiction

Opioid addiction is the most common type of drug addiction. Opioids, generally known as narcotic medicines, are commonly used to treat pain. They operate by reducing the pain signals that your brain receives. They also alter how your brain perceives pain. 

Opioids are generally considered to be safe to use. Opioids, on the other hand, can become exceedingly addictive if ingested in an unregulated manner. Opioids change the chemistry of the brain by altering dopamine release and hijacking the reward system. 

Drug tolerance can develop fast with antidepressants. Because of the way it alters brain chemistry, it can develop into addiction if ingested regularly without a doctor’s prescription.

Symptoms such as sleeplessness, anxiety, panic attacks, and excessive vomiting are treated with common depressants. It works by slowing down the brain’s activity and bringing the body into a relaxed condition.

Stimulants are a class of pharmaceuticals that includes prescription medications, illegal street drugs, and commonly consumed stimulants like caffeine and nicotine.

Stimulants work by momentarily raising brain functions such as awareness, alertness, energy, and mood. Stimulants also raise the amount of dopamine in the brain.

It provides you with a euphoric feeling. This sensation makes stopping the destructive pattern of amphetamine misuse more difficult.

Hallucinogens are a type of substance that induces hallucinations by altering one’s perspective of reality. Classic hallucinogens (psychedelics) and dissociative hallucinogens are the two types of hallucinogens.

Hallucinogens are often thought to be less harmful than other types of narcotics, such as heroin. However, hallucinogens can lead to addiction, reliance, and long-term negative side effects.

Cannabis, sometimes known as “weed” or “marijuana,” is a mixture of cannabis plant leaves, flowers, or stems. THC (tetrahydrocannabinol) is the primary ingredient in cannabis that causes drug addiction.


  • Having a strong desire to use drugs or medication on a regular basis. 
  • Because you’ve developed a tolerance for the drug, you’ll require more substance to achieve the same impact.
  • When you’re on the drug, you feel alive. You’ll feel wobbly, despondent, and bewildered after the medicine wears off. You may not be hungry, and you may get headaches or fever.
  • You won’t be able to stop yourself from taking the medication.
  • Even if you can’t afford it, you’re doing everything you can to ensure that you get medical supplies.
  • Your social life is in shambles. You find it difficult to form bonds with coworkers, friends, or family.
  • Your own health deteriorates. For instance, you might begin to gain or lose weight. You have foul breath and your eyes are red.
  • You begin to steal money in order to purchase drugs.


Relaxation, mild euphoria, increased appetite, and a confused perspective of space and time are all effects of drug addiction. It can lead to addiction if consumed over a lengthy period. Excessive drug usage has also been linked to brain damage and memory loss in studies.

1: Detoxification

Detoxification is usually the initial step in the recovery process. The idea is to wean yourself off the medicine while coping with withdrawal from oxycontin symptoms. A taper, or gradually reducing and eventually discontinuing drug use, may be used in some cases.

It’s natural to have withdrawal symptoms while detoxing.

Various types of medicines have different withdrawal symptoms, which necessitates different therapies. It’s better to gradually reduce the drug’s dosage or take medicine to help with withdrawal symptoms.

2: Therapy

Following detoxification, behavioral therapy is the conventional treatment for drug addiction. Depending on the needs, it can be done one-on-one, in a group, or in a family setting. 

It assists individuals in recognizing and changing their attitudes regarding drug misuse. It aids in the resolution of conflicting sentiments and the discovery of internal desire for change.

3: Self Help Groups

Being a part of a self-help group can help you recover from drug addiction. It entails getting together with others who have similar addiction illnesses and sharing experiences. 

It increases motivation and decreases feelings of isolation.

These self-help organizations also serve as a tremendous source of support for their participants.

4: Medication

Medication is not a treatment for drug addiction on its own. It may, however, aid in the management of withdrawal symptoms during detoxification.

To avoid relapse and minimize cravings in the long run, a person may take medication. 

However, it should always be used in conjunction with other techniques like behavioral treatment or rehabilitation.

Putting It All Together

Drug addiction has become a major problem all over the world. It has an impact not just on the victim, but also on their family, friends, and society as a whole. 

Treatment for drug addiction is possible. The treatment is difficult but effective.

Hence, if you want more information on drug addiction, ping us in the comment section. We will come back with an answer in no time.

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