Bleeding gums is one of the most common and unpleasant symptoms of several oral diseases at once. It not only causes discomfort in everyday life, but can also cause significant harm to health if you do not go to the dentist for treatment in time.
Why do gums bleed?
As a rule, the causes of bleeding gums are associated with periodontal tissue diseases. It could be gingivitis or periodontitis. What is the difference?
The mildest form of gum disease is gingivitis and fortunately, it does not cause any irreversible change in the tissues of the mouth. With timely treatment, everything can be brought back to normal quickly enough. But if gingivitis is not treated, it turns into periodontitis, in which the ligament between the tooth and the gum is destroyed, and the inflammatory process spreads from the gum to the bone tissue. This disease is already an order of extent more serious, because the teeth become mobile, and they can be lost.
What else can cause bleeding gums?
- This is a lesion of the oral mucosa, which, in addition to bleeding, is assembled with the appearance of small ulcers, bad breath, painful sensations when eating
- Incorrect selection of hygiene products
- If the toothbrush you are using is too hard, it can damage your gums, especially if you use it too much. Also, be careful with dental floss and toothpicks, which can harm your gums.
- Surgical interventions
- If bleeding gums are present in the first few hours after a tooth extraction or other surgical procedure, you have no cause for concern. Just follow your doctor’s advice. But if the bleeding lasts longer than a day, be sure to consult a doctor.
- In the body of a pregnant woman, serious hormonal changes occur, due to which the gums are severely affected. Also, bleeding can be observed in those who are undergoing treatment with hormonal drugs.
- In smokers, local immunity in the oral cavity is significantly reduced, which leads to gum inflammation and bleeding. Dentists recommend getting rid of this habit – both gums and teeth suffer from it.
- Lack of vitamins
- First of all, we are talking about vitamin C – if it is not enough, scurvy can develop, in which, you may lose teeth.
- Some diseases of the body
- For example, diabetes mellitus, leukemia, hemophilia. Also, if you take blood thinning medications, your gums may start to bleed.
Where to start if your gums are bleeding?
As a rule, the gums begin to bleed gradually – at first you see very little blood while brushing your teeth or eat solid foods, but then the amount increases. Do not forget that time in this case is your best ally, and it is important to see a doctor as soon as the first symptoms appear.
Treatment of bleeding gums should begin with a thorough diagnosis and identification of the causes. Do not forget that bleeding, if it is not caused by mechanical injury or external factors, is usually only one of the symptoms of an oral disease (most often, gingivitis or periodontitis). The most modern and effective method is periodontal diagnostics using the Florida Probe computer system. This system, which has recently become an indispensable assistant to periodontists, is able to identify the problem at an early stage in 25 minutes.
Treatments for bleeding gums
Gorshenina Irina Sergeevna says, “Bleeding gums is a serious symptom that requires immediate treatment. Many patients come to the doctor only when the disease has already passed into an advanced stage. Remember, the sooner you ask for help, the easier and faster it will be to solve your problem.” How the bleeding is treated depends mainly on the underlying cause. If we are talking about the appearance of blood after surgical procedures or injuries, it is necessary to carefully monitor so as not to introduce infection, but in general, the healing process will not require additional manipulations.
If we are talking about bleeding, which is caused by gum disease, we must first of all eliminate the cause of the inflammation. You can argue a lot about the effectiveness of alternative methods, but not a single home recipe is able to cure the gums – relief will come only temporarily while the symptoms are blocked, but then everything will return with renewed vigor. Hence, this is important not to rely on traditional medicine, but to entrust your health to professionals.
Among the methods that have positively proven themselves is the treatment with the Vector Paro apparatus, which involves the treatment of periodontal pockets using ultrasound. It is there that deposits accumulate, which often lead to inflammation and bleeding. Treatment involves several sessions, but after the first of them, the discomfort is significantly reduced, the gums acquire a healthy color, and bleeding decreases.
After treatment with the Vector Paro device, it is recommended to consolidate the result using photodynamic therapy. This is a photo-activated disinfection procedure with FotoSan, which kills germs and does not have any side effects.
Prevention of bleeding gums
The most effective prevention of bleeding gums is good oral hygiene. Monitor your health, brush your teeth 2 times a day, use additional hygiene products (irrigators, dental floss, rinses, etc.). And, of course, do not forget to visit your dentist for a check-up and professional hygiene procedure.
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